Friday, August 14, 2015

Reverse Engineering the Raw Results of a Multiple Answer Question

I had occasion recently to obtain assessment results out of a recovered database.  One question type that was a bit puzzling was the Multiple Answer where the Answers were randomized to the student.

Say I created a question:

When the student took the test, the answers were randomized, e.g.,

When I extracted the results, I got a data string like

Useful bits:
  • answer_order: 0, 3, 4, 1, 2 (the order answers were displayed to the student); note: the ordinal position is 0.
  • sequence of response_values (the actual selections)
  • score_value: 0.0 (what the student auto-scored)

Does the sequence of response_values corresponded to the original order of answers in the question, or the order of answers displayed to the student?


It is corresponds to the original order of answers in the question.


The question had five answers
  • 3 - position 0
  • 4 - position 1
  • 5 - position 2
  • 6 - position 3
  • 9 - position 4
The question was displayed to the student
  • a. 3 = position 0
  • b. 6 = position 3
  • c. 9 = position 4
  • d. 4 = position 1
  • e. 5 = position 2
That corresponds to the answer order

The student selected a. 3, b. 6, c. 9

That corresponds to the sequence

and so on.

Finally, the student received a score of 0 (in my example, they had to get all the multiple answers correct, no partial credit)

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

pushconfig without starting tomcat services

Saw this question on BBADMIN-L mailing list which had a useful tip from the community:

Does anyone know if it's possible to run a pushconfig but not start the tomcat processes? I need to do several patches that require a pushconfig but I don't want to wait for the servers to startup and shutdown.


Nick (MSJC): Sure in the pushconfigupdates.bat\sh and pushconfigupdates.bat\ files just comment out the line that calls services.start. 

Miroslav (CSU Chico): Yes. You just need to comment out the starting part out of the script. We do this regularly after each release pack upgrade. Simply edit pushconfig and comment out the part that tells it to start the app node. We also usually change the text so it says NOT STARTING at the end.
This needs to be an option when upgrading as well. We pretty much never want the system to start up immediately after upgrade finishes.

Friday, August 15, 2014

IMS LTI Launch Test

IMS LTI Launch Test

The prior IMS LTI test site I was using (see my older blog post) no longer seemed to work.

I found a new one thanks to the JISC-funded ceLTIc (

There are two ways you can use IMS LTI in Blackboard:

  • Using Oscelot Basic LTI tool
  • Using Blackboard's IMS LTI Tool Provider

I've included both ways to add the IMS LTI tool.

I. Using Oscelot Basic LTI tool

1. Install and configure Oscelot Basic LTI 

 2. Register New Tool

  1. Go to System Administration tab
  2. then  Basic LTI tools (under the Tools section)
  3. click on Register New Tool
  4. Enter
    • Name: IMS LTI Launch Test
    • Launch URL:
    • Consumer Key:
    • Shared Secret: secret 
  5. Submit
Should look like

After Register New Tool

3. Edit Data Settings for this new tool

  1. Select Edit data settings (pull-down) for this new toolname
  2. Enter
    • Context ID: Check
    • Value to use for Context ID: Database key (default)
    • Context sourceId: Check
    • Context Title: Check
    • User ID: Required by tool
    • Value to use for user ID: Batch UID (default)
    • SourceId: Check
    • User name: Required by tool
    • Email: Required by tool
    • Role Mappings:
      • Instructor to Instructor
      • Student to Learner
      • Teaching Assistant to Instructor (or Teaching Assistant)
  3. Submit
Should look like: 
After Data Settings

4. Edit Launch Settings for this new tool

  1. Select Edit launch settings (pull-down) for this new toolname
  2. Enter
    • Open tool in: select New window
  3. Submit
Should look like:

5. Enable the tool and configure how to display it

  1. Pulldown by toolname, choose Enable
  2. Pulldown by toolname, choose Add as course tool
  3. Checkbox the toolname, choose Display on Menu: Tools
After enabling the tool and configuring of Display on Menu

II. Using Blackboard's IMS LTI Tool Provider

Blackboard has had Basic LTI support since 9.1SP4.

1. Register Provider Domain

  1. Go to System Administration tab
  2. then Building Blocks
  3. then LTI Tool Providers
  4. Click on Register Provider Domain
  5. Enter
    • Provider domain:
    • Provider Domain Status: Approved
    • Default Configuration: Set separately for each link
    • Send User Data: Send user data only over any connection (note: I'd prefer over SSL)
      • User Fields To Send
      • Role in Course: check
      • Name: check
      • Email Address: check
  6. Submit
Should look like

After Provider is Registered

3. Set up Tool Placement

  1. Click on the '0' under Placements for the row of the provider (
  2. Create Placement
  3. Enter
    • Label: IMS LTI Launch Test
    • Handle: imsltilaunchtest
    • Type: Student Tool (for simplicity)
    • Tool Provider URL:
    • Tool Provider Key:
    • Tool Provider Secret: secret
  4. Submit
Should look like:
After Placement Created

III. Now that LTI is set up we can use it in a course

1. Add tool to your course

  1. Go into your course as an Instructor
  2. Go into a content area/folder
  3. Under Tools menu, you should see the new toolname (e.g., IMS LTI Launch Test)
  4. Select the new toolname
  5. Submit
Adding LTI (e.g., IMS LTI Launch Test)  to the Course
After LTI (e.g., IMS LTI Launch Test) added to Course

2. Test the tool (as instructor, as student)

Note: beware browser security measures, e.g., pop-up blocking, content blocking (since we're loading an insecure page)
  1. Click on the toolname link you added
    • If you are using the Oscelot Basic-LTI : It should open a new window
    • If you are using the Bb LTI Tool Provider : It should open in the lower frame (yeah, no choice to open in a new window)
  2. The should load and display various POST parameters
Oscelot Basic-LTI Launch should look like:
Bb LTI Tool Provider Launch should look like:

Friday, June 14, 2013

Content Editor and WIRIS supports LaTeX in 9.1SP12

Blackboard 9.1SP12's Content Editor comes with revised WIRIS plugin which no longer requires Java.
Here's an example where I have the LaTeX formula for the Quadratic Equation in the Content Editor.  The LaTeX formula is delineated with the "$$"

Note: currently the Content Editor > Preview does not render the equation.  So the only way to tell that the equation is correct is to submit your changes, then view the resulting item.

Tuesday, March 19, 2013

Copy/Paste when using the Content Editor with Firefox

There's a security setting in Firefox that prevents javascript-based HTML editors from accessing your clipboard.

There's a workaround using a Firefox add-on called AllowClipboard Helper

Some documentation written by Ottawa University:


Monday, July 2, 2012

Wishlist/Enhancements to 9.1SP8 cross-listing/merge enrollments

I'm coming up with a list of enhancements we'd like to see for the current 9.1SP8 cross-listing/merge enrollments feature.  We're coming from the Bb Section Merge Tool (SMT), so some of it comes from features we've used there.

  • Allow instructors to create the merge 
  • Allow one-to-many feeds (e.g., one source site could be the child of multiple target sites) 
  • Document some migration path between the SMT and the new course merge 
  • Instructors > My Courses module should indent the child sites (and allow for expansion/collapse) or allow child sites to be hidden completely from view 

  • Tools that communicate with students (Announcements, Messages, Send Email) should be able to use Child Course membership to select audience 
  • Adaptive Release should be able to use Child Course membership 
  • Groups should be able to use Child Course membership when creating groups 
  • Grade Center / SmartViews - allow criteria Child Course ID condition "is blank" or "does not contain" (which is useful if you are merging enrollments into section 01 for instance, and want a smartview of section 01) 

Before I submit, I wanted to see if anyone else had things on their wish list...

Friday, June 8, 2012

Restricting User Access

Every so often, we get an official request to restrict a user from some portion of Blackboard.

Some questions we need to ask:

  • how urgent is this request?
  • what is the scope of the restriction?
  • is the restriction permanent (e.g., someone leaves the University) or possible needs to be reversed in the future?
  • what course roles does this user have in the affected Course/Org(s)?
  • does the user still need (or have the right) to get into other Course/Org(s)?
  • do we need to retain course records for that user (e.g., submissions, discussions, grades)?
  • does the user have special roles in Blackboard that give them extra functionality?
  • and - in our case - will the user retain a valid University login id (e.g., has not been revoked/disabled)?
Some methods for restricting access:

1. Making them unavailable in Course/ Org(s) via Course > Control Panel > Users & Groups > Users > Change Users Availability in Course

2.  Remove them from Course/Org(s) via Course > Control Panel > Users & Groups > Users > Remove Users from Course

3. Making them unavailable via Admin GUI > Users > Select User > Make Unavailable

4. Using snapshot to change their USER ID  in Blackboard so it mismatches their University ID (e.g., userid -> userid_disabled)

5. Deleting their USER ID via Admin GUI > Users

There are Pros and Cons to each, and so one or more methods may be used.  We should look at those in more detail...